The St. Louis Post-Dispatch ran an in-depth front page story today which continued inside on page A8. The sidebar on page A8 was particularly useful for the summary of what the various smoke-free air laws actually do or don’t do, comparing St. Louis County and City with Clayton’s recently-approved ordinance and with the Kirkwood initiative petition, being voted on on November 3rd, the same day as St. Louis County’s Prop N. Here are those details, followed by the story itself.
A closer look at the area’s proposed smoking bans
Clayton enacted a smoking ban on July 14. Voters in Kirkwood and St. Louis County will vote Tuesday on separate smoking bans. And last week, the city of St. Louis hitched a smoking ban to the outcome of the county vote.
Here’s a look at what is common and different among the proposals.
All would prohibit smoking in enclosed places of employment and enclosed public places, with exceptions. All exempt private residences as long as they do not contain child or adult day-care facilities, and all allow smoking in 20 percent of the rooms in hotels and motels. (The county bill also exempts the smoking lounges at Lambert-St. Louis International Airport.)
Casino gaming floors: The county proposal allows smoking there. The city’s ban also exempts them until the state, St. Charles and St. Louis and St. Charles counties remove exemptions. If exemptions were established for Metro East casinos, the city’s exemption would continue. (Illinois went smoke-free on Jan. 1, 2008.)
Bars: Kirkwood’s proposal bans smoking. Clayton has no bars; bar areas in Clayton restaurants would be smoke-free. The county plan exempts bars that derive 25 percent or less of their income from food or other nonliquor items. The city’s bill would exempt for five years bars that only admit people at least 21 years old and have no more than 2,000 square feet, excluding kitchens, storage areas and bathrooms.
Private clubs (mainly veterans and fraternal organizations): All proposals exempt them. The city and Kirkwood proposals note that they must have no paid workers. (The Kirkwood plan stipulates that the club had to exist on March 1, 2009, to be exempt.) The Clayton and county exemptions make no reference to employees.
Tobacco stores: Cannot be a part of a larger store. Kirkwood requires that 80 percent of sales be from tobacco products; Clayton, 70 percent; and the county, 60 percent. Clayton and the county exempt cigar bars, an establishment that serves alcoholic beverages and earns at least 25 percent of its income from the sale of cigars and/or rental of humidor space.
Clayton’s ban is in effect for new businesses and will start for existing businesses on July 1. The Kirkwood ban would start on Jan. 2; the city and county bills would take effect on Jan. 2, 2011.
Few voters may decide fate of St. Louis County smoking ban
By Phil Sutin and Margaret Gillerman
ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH
A quarter of St. Louis County’s voters — maybe 175,000 — could be deciding on Tuesday whether the city and county, with a combined population of 1.35 million, go smoke-free.
The city last week made its smoking ban contingent on the county enacting a ban. And with turnout Tuesday expected to be 25 percent of the county’s 705,000 registered voters, a lot will be riding on a relatively few voters.
Kansas City, Springfield, Columbia and some smaller suburbs, including Ballwin, Clayton and Arnold here, already have bans, but Tuesday’s vote will affect more Missourians than all of the other bans combined.
Proposition N would prohibit smoking countywide, with a significant exception for casinos, and take effect on Jan. 2, 2011. Kirkwood is also voting Tuesday on a similar ban, called Proposition I. It would take effect Jan. 2.
Joe Donahue, Democratic director of elections for the county, put the turnout estimate at 25 percent, but acknowledged he was being optimistic.
“I like to be optimistic,” he said.
County Councilwoman Barbara Fraser, D-University City, was the sponsor of the council ordinance that produced Prop N.
She said it “would protect the health of my fellow county citizens.”
“Studies show that smoking bans save a half-million lives a year nationally — half the population of St. Louis County,” she said Monday at a forum of the Clayton Chamber of Commerce. “There is no safe level of secondhand smoke.”
(MOGASP: The number of deaths attributed to secondhand smoke annually in the U.S. is roughly 50,000 and not 500,000, as suggested above.)
Bill Hannegan, a prominent opponent of smoking bans, countered at the forum that the county proposal was “social engineering applied to all residents.”
St. Louis and St. Louis County officials supporting bans “are on a power trip,” he said. “What’s next — obesity, sugar, sodas?”
Prop N is of particular concern for owners of restaurants, bars and bowling alleys at the edges of St. Louis County — areas a short drive from Franklin, Jefferson and St. Charles counties. In those counties, only one community, Arnold in Jefferson County, has a ban.
Proprietors of the county’s 21 bowling centers, which employ about 600 employees, say they are worried.
Gary Voss is owner of the West County Lanes bowling alley on Manchester Road near Clarkson Road in Ellisville. A ban would cause at least a short-term loss of business, which he said “would be deadly in our case.”
In 2006, Ballwin enacted its ban, and the Bones French Quarter Bar and Grill, 14766 Manchester Road, slumped for six months, a co-owner said.
Brian Armstrong, whose family has owned the restaurant for 49 years, said it lost much of its lunch crowd, diners who wanted to relax with a smoke and a beer.
The restaurant strongly opposed the Ballwin ban, but it now has adapted. Its decor has been changed and new staff was hired to appeal to younger customers who would come for dinner, Armstrong said.
The restaurant expanded its patio, where customers could smoke, and added heaters there.
“This year business is up,” Armstrong said.
Marty Ginsburg, owner the Sports Page Bar & Grill in Chesterfield, said property and business owners should determine smoking policy in their establishments.
“I’m the one assuming all the risk, paying the taxes and insurance,” he said.
PROP N CALLED WEAK
The local chapters of the American Heart Association, American Cancer Society and American Lung Association — ardent opponents of smoking — have stayed neutral on the county ban.
They consider it too weak.
Stacy Henry Reliford, regional government relations director of the cancer society here, said the county proposal “does not deliver smoke-free protections to those who need it most” — workers in bars and casinos.
“Regardless of the outcome on November 3rd, our focus is on delivering health protection from secondhand smoke,” Reliford said.
Martin Pion, president of Missouri GASP, which has opposed smoking for 25 years, said the organization supports Prop N.
The measure has loopholes, he acknowledged. “Still, this ordinance is worthwhile. Every restaurant (with or without a bar) will be smoke-free,” he said.
(MOGASP: It would be more accurate to say we oppose secondhand smoke pollution. Our stated goal is “for smoking to only be done between consenting adults in private.”)
The exemption for casino gaming floors sticks in the craw of both supporters and opponents of the ban.
Hannegan predicted the smoking ban would face “costly, extended and embarrassing legal challenges” because of that exemption. And the Greater St. Louis Bowling Proprietors Association said, “Just because big casinos have more political clout than bowling centers, they shouldn’t get a pass.”
Several observers have noted that ban supporters did not want to draw the casinos into the election because they could spend millions of dollars on a campaign and defeat the proposal.
Fraser has not specified a reason for the casino exemption. The smoking ban “is a result of compromise,” she said.
“It is not a perfect bill,” she said. “Fair compromises made the bill possible.”
DEBATE OVER STRATEGY
Some anti-smoking groups want a statewide ban, while other advocates say the best strategy is to start local.
The latter groups believe that state legislation could end up being changed to something that would weaken future local enforcement.
Any action toward getting Missouri to join the 31 states, including Illinois, that have bans is not likely soon. House Speaker Ron Richard, R-Joplin, said no member has expressed interest in drafting a ban for the next session.
State Rep. Joe Fallert, D-Ste. Genevieve, who sought a state constitutional amendment for a smoking ban last session, said Tuesday: “Based on what happened last year, I don’t think it would go anywhere.” State Rep. Jeanette Mott Oxford, D-St. Louis, a smoke-free advocate, acknowledged: “The state is not ready for a smoking ban.”
Tobacco companies and related industries heavily lobby lawmakers, she said.